JCB (or J. C. Bamford Excavators Ltd) is a British manufacturer of construction equipment. The company manufactures loaders, excavators, tractors, dump trucks and similar equipment. It is one of the largest private companies in the UK.
The company was founded after the Second World War, in October 1945, in Uttoxeter (Staffordshire) by Joseph Cyril Bamford, engaged in the repair of agricultural machinery. The first sample of the company's equipment was made from the wreckage of a bomb shelter.
In the early 2000s, the company was one of the three largest equipment manufacturers in the world.
18 JCB factories are located on four continents: eleven of them - in the UK, three in India and one each in the US, China, Germany and Brazil.